Invisible Ink: Looking for the Lost Trade between China, Russia, and Central Asia
Leah Oppenheimer and Niklas Swanström
China, Russia, and the Central Asian States have consistently engaged in economic relations. However, the bilateral trade statistics that are publicly available show a history of inconsistent and unreliable reporting to an extent that makes usage of the statistics as any benchmark problematic. This Policy Brief examines the issues of unreliable bilateral trade statistics and explores ways to improve this area in the future.